African people who were captured
and sold into slavery spoke a number of different languages belonging to the
Niger-Congo family of languages from Western and Southern Africa. In the
Caribbean, they were forced to learn the colonisers' European languages. Like
the Amerindians, while their languages were lost, there are still words used in
Caribbean English today that are similar to African words and expressions.
Indentured labourers from India and China also had some marginal impact. By
the time they came to the Caribbean there were already stable language
patterns, so their languages were absorbed. More importantly, these workers
arrived into conditions quite different from those experienced by the African
peoplethat is, they were free, not shackled in chains and sold.
Consequently, the presence of indentured workers provided a zone between the
White and Black peoples which led to the development of another class.
stab, jab, poke
Ivory Coast, Ghana
Benin, Ghana, Togo
Burkina Faso, Gambia, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal