A. For Institutions Offering ABE/Literacy Programs and ABE/Literacy Practitioners
- There are many references in our data to the importance of teamwork
and the deleterious effect of a lack of collegiality in
ABE/Literacy departments. We recommend that each program
make it a priority to build the team atmosphere among instructors
focusing on reflecting, discussing and debriefing of the teaching
Personnel and hiring practices
- As other support structures within the community are no longer
as accessible for our students, instructors are finding it difficult to
balance their jobs. We recommend that all programs and unions
revisit ABE/Literacy instructor job descriptions. More specific attention
and value needs to be given to the full spectrum of the job
in order for ABE/Literacy instructors to work effectively.
- Because motivation, beliefs and attitudes are so crucial to an effective
instructor, we recommend that committees hiring
ABE/Literacy instructors formulate their questions to elicit a clear
picture of the motivation, beliefs and attitudes of the candidates.
This is equally as important as subject area competence for a new
- We found that effective instructors made an authentic, respectful
connection with their individual students. We recommend that
hiring committees, in their hiring practices, explore ways to determine
the difference between patronizing attitudes that see
students as in need of help and attitudes that show respect for
students and a willingness to work with students as equal adults.
- We recommend that counselling support be available to
ABE/Literacy staff on a regular basis to deal with the effect of
working with a population subject to trauma and who have a
number of barriers to successful learning.